Human Rights Observatory First Report
The Colombian Peace Process
The Commission of Peace was enacted in 1994 as a way to facilitate the inclusion of civil actors in peace efforts, recruit international cooperation, and direct dialogues with armed groups.
The importance of this peace process is that it in itself is rooted in social justice by attempting to incorporate former Guerilla members into society once again and discontinue the cycle of violence that has affected Colombia for over 50 years. This process is also unique as being one of the most participatory peace processes in history where both parties acknowledged peace would not be attained militarily. While this framework could be used to end armed conflict in other parts of the world, it is vital for us to track its successes and failures.
OVERALL IMPRESSIONS FROM USF’S HUMAN RIGHTS OBSERVATORY
• Media outlets haven’t say much about the Truth Commission and the peace process. We have also noticed that the few news that comes up are distorted by the traditional media outlets. This news are usually shaped to fit their own interests, so we are working with the Javeriana Universities to get direct access to the narratives of communities from the different regions. Our contacts: Manuel Ramiro (Javeriana Cali) & Aida Quiñones (Javeriana Bogota)
• Land displacement and land rights are key issues for the conflict.
• The “Ejercito de Liberación Nacional” (ELN) is having a parallel peace process with the government, but they are a guerrilla that are not well known outside Colombia. It is important to learn more about them because their process with the government is also very important for the country.
• Coercion has become an important tool for peace negotiations. President Duque threatened with ending the peace talks, but he continued the conversations after the ELN kidnapped members of the police and military.
• There is also growing suspicion that the Colombian government is looking to aid the US against Venezuela, and the internal stability is key to proceed with a military action outside Colombia.
We put together the following list of resources that provide a context to the conflict at hand: