21st Century Skills for Teaching & Learning
Written by Susan Zolezzi
October 26, 2017 • 2 minute read
Whether you love, dislike, or are indifferent to the kinds of technologies that we are increasingly exposed to each day, you must admit that they are here to stay and that they have a profound effect on many ares of our lives.
Along with these constantly emerging technologies comes the need to adapt and learn the skills needed to use technology efficiently. There are often referred to as "21st century skills."
Here are examples of what many consider "21st Century skills":
- Critical thinking, problem-solving, reasoning, analysis, and interpretation of the constant flow of online information; in other words, higher-order thinking skills
- Online research skills and practices
- Ability to access and use social media
- Leadership, teamwork, collaboration, cooperation, facility in using virtual workspaces
- Information and Communication Technology (ICT) literacy, media and internet literacy, data interpretation and analysis, computer programming
- Understanding of digital citizenship
In essence, 21st Century skills correlate to the newfound demands of a more technologically integrated society. A modern curriculum should be crafted to challenge students to meet these demands and develop a technologically conscious mindset.
How have technological advances in the past ten years affected you personally? Even if you don't consider yourself to be particularly tech-savvy, you have probably absorbed some new methods and routines in how you communicate and interact with information using technology. For example, you might use a smartphone to send a text message or to read online content.
How have you adapted the learning environment that you create for your students? Some of the hallmarks of a 21st Century learning environment are:
- A student-centered classroom. Either face-to-face or online, the student-centered classroom gives students more freedom to make choices about how they learn.
- Students learn about new technologies and use them to produce information, projects, and digital artifacts such as videos, podcasts, and online group projects.
- Students can and do use mobile technologies.
- Students are aware of and use multiple ways to get information digitally.
- Students learn to collaborate and cooperate with each other (a 21st Century work skill).
Whether or not you have gone willingly into the teaching modes of the 21st Century, there is no doubt that this area of communication and teaching will continue to evolve. As teachers, we have a responsibility to prepare students for the modern workplace, and embracing methods now considered commonplace, such as the constant communication and collaboration expected at work.
Information about digital citizenship and how to be a responsible consumer of online information is also vital for the success of our students. In addition, it will continue to be important for us as teachers to keep updating our skills and proficiencies to refresh and provide a 21st Century repertoire, and hopefully stay one step ahead of our students.
Whether you don’t know where to start or have a particular educational technology in mind, we are here to help! To learn how to apply educational technologies to your course, request an Instructional Design consultation.
Contact Instructional Technology & Training to schedule a training session and access self-guided training materials on educational technologies supported at the University of San Francisco.
- EdGlossary: What are 21st Century Skills?
- OnlineUniversities: Tech Literacy II – Skills for the Online Instructor
- Edutopia: 15 Characteristics of a 21st-Century Teacher
- Edutopia: 10 Hallmarks of 21st Century Teaching and Learning
- Alismail, H. A. and McGuire, P. (2015). "21st century standards and curriculum: Current research and practice." Journal of Education and Practice, 6(6), pp. 150-154. (ERIC Download)
- Concordia University-Portland College of Education: A Framework for Teaching Tomorrow’s Innovators Today
- EdSurge: It’s 2019. So Why do 21st-Century Skills Set Matter?
- National Council of Measurement in Education: Assessing 21st Century Skills – Integrating Research Findings
- Silber-Varod, V., Eshet-Alkalai, Y., and Geri, N. (2019). "Tracing research trends of 21st-century learning skills." British Journal of Educational Technology. (Wiley Download)