Architecture (ARCH) - Personal Computing Guidance

content last updated 10-7-2020

To succeed and thrive in their studies and the industry, students majoring in Architecture (ARCH) must be agile and mobile, equipped and prepared to create, edit, present, and collaborate in multiple locations on and off campus.

PERSONAL LAPTOP

With this in mind, students are required to have and maintain a robust personal laptop equipped with the software necessary for their coursework and to effectively engage with their peers, instructors, and community partners.

A responsible Architecture student keeps their laptop in good working order by...

  • taking measures to protect it from damage and theft.
  • regularly backing up their files.
  • routinely deleting files they no longer need.
  • only installing software from reputable sources.
  • uninstalling applications that they no longer use.
  • installing antivirus software and keeping it up to date.
  • regularly installing application updates.
  • regularly installing Mac and Windows system and security updates.
  • routinely restarting their laptop, at least once a week, as a preventive measure.

Note: In late 2020, Apple will begin selling Macs equipped with ARM processors instead of Intel processors. As of this writing, you cannot install Microsoft Windows on a Mac with an ARM processor, but you can still install it on a Mac with an Intel processor. Since some applications (specifically Revit, ArcGIS, and Enscape) only run in Windows, the Architecture program advises students to have either an Intel-based Mac laptop or a Windows-based laptop.

Sources:
Apple announces Mac transition to Apple silicon (6/22/2020)
Apple is switching Macs to its own processors starting later this year (6/22/2020)

SOFTWARE

You do not need to acquire or install software until your instructor advises you to do so.

The Architecture program formally introduces students to industry-standard software in these elective courses:

Course Recommended Semester Software *
Computer Aided Design and Drawing,
a.k.a. CADD 1
1st year, Spring semester or
2nd Year, Fall semester
AutoCAD
Adobe Creative Cloud
SketchUp Studio (incl. SketchUp Pro)
Rhino
BIM & Applications 2nd year, Fall semester or
2nd year, Spring semester
Revit
Enscape for Revit

* Some software in this list is available for either macOS or Windows. The Windows versions are preferred.

Although these courses are electives, students are expected to utilize this software in some required Architecture courses. Architecture majors should either enroll in these elective courses at the appropriate time (consult with your Architecture advisor) or take the initiative to learn these applications on their own with free access to LinkedIn Learning (see below).

LINKEDIN LEARNING

All USF students have free access to LinkedIn Learning, a software training website that offers self-paced, online training in many of these applications.

The Architecture program highly encourages students to take advantage of their access to LinkedIn Learning to begin learning AutoCAD and SketchUp (either the Free or Pro version) prior to enrolling in CADD 1.

Access LinkedIn Learning through myUSF

Getting Software

You do not need to acquire or install software until your instructor advises you to do so.

Most of the software an Architecture major may encounter while earning their degree is listed below. All of the software an Architecture student needs is available for free or at a discount:

Title Runs on
a Mac
Runs on
a PC
Source Student
Price *
LICENSE TYPE
Microsoft Windows Y 1 Y Microsoft Azure for Students Free Subscription (requires yearly renewal of student status)
Boot Camp Assistant Y n/a pre-installed on every Intel-based Mac Free Perpetual
AutoCAD Y Y Autodesk » AutoCAD Free Subscription (requires yearly renewal of student status)
Revit (Y) 2 Y Autodesk » Revit Free Subscription (requires yearly renewal of student status)
ArcGIS (Y) 2 Y USF Environmental Sciences Department: gsal@usfca.edu Free Subscription (requires yearly renewal of student status)
SketchUp Free Y 3 Y 3 SketchUp Free Perpetual
SketchUp Studio
(includes SketchUp Pro)
Y Y Creation Engine » SketchUp Studio $55 / year Subscription (requires yearly renewal of student status)
V-Ray for SketchUp Pro Y Y Creation Engine » V-Ray for SketchUp Pro $99 / year Subscription (requires yearly renewal of student status)
Adobe Creative Cloud
(includes Photoshop, Illustrator, InDesign)
Y Y Adobe $240 / year for the first year, then $360 / year (can be paid monthly, but annual contract still required) 4 Subscription (requires yearly renewal of student status)
Rhino Y Y Rhinoceros $195 new / $95 upgrade Perpetual for life of purchased version; upgrade purchase required for new versions
Enscape (for SketchUp, Rhino, and Revit) (Y) 2 Y Enscape Free Subscription (requires renewal of student status every 6 months)
Sophos Home (anti-virus software) Y Y Sophos Free Perpetual
Zoom Y Y myUSF Free Perpetual

* prices last updated March 2020
1 only on Macs with an Intel processor using Boot Camp Assistant
2 only on Macs with an Intel processor after installing Windows using Boot Camp Assistant
3 runs in a web browser; no installation required
4 review the terms and conditions for Adobe Creative Cloud for Education, including cancellation terms »

INSTALLING WINDOWS ON A MAC

Note: In late 2020, Apple will begin selling Macs equipped with ARM processors instead of Intel processors. As of this writing, you cannot install Microsoft Windows on a Mac with an ARM processor, but you can still install it on a Mac with an Intel processor. Since some applications (specifically Revit, ArcGIS, and Enscape) only run in Windows, the Architecture program advises students to have either an Intel-based Mac laptop or a Windows-based laptop.

Some software requires Microsoft Windows to install and use it. If you own a Mac with an Intel processor, you can install Windows on it using Boot Camp Assistant, an application that's pre-installed on every Mac. This can be accomplished in three steps:

  1. Read our Advice
    Read and heed the advice in the section below before proceeding.
  2. Download Windows
    Follow the instructions in this knowledge base article to download the Windows installer at no cost from the Microsoft Azure for Students website.
  3. Install Windows
    Follow Apple’s complete instructions to install Windows on your Mac using Boot Camp Assistant.

ADVICE WHEN INSTALLING WINDOWS ON A MAC

BEFORE DOWNLOADING WINDOWS

Heed this advice before downloading the Windows installer from the Microsoft Azure for Students website:

  • It's a big download, so if you’re on campus, always use the "USF-Wireless" network. It's significantly faster than the “USF-Visitors” network.
  • If given a choice, select the “64-bit” version of Windows, not the “32-bit” version.
  • If given a choice, do not select any version of Windows labeled as a "Debug/Checked Build."
  • Print your Product Key rather than write it down. It’s a long sequence of letters and numbers that you must enter exactly while installing Windows.

YOU MIGHT NEED A USB FLASH DRIVE

As of this writing, if you have one of the Mac models* in the list below and you're running macOS 10.11 "El Capitan" or later, you do not need a USB flash drive to install Windows.

Otherwise, you will be prompted to insert a blank flash drive that's at least 16 GB size during the installation process.

  • MacBook introduced in 2015 or later
  • MacBook Air introduced in 2017 or later
  • MacBook Pro introduced in 2015 or later
  • iMac introduced in 2015 or later
  • iMac Pro (all models)
  • Mac Pro introduced in late 2013

* To see what model Mac you have, click the Apple icon in the top left corner of your screen and select "About This Mac."

Heads up! If Boot Camp Assistant requires you to use a flash drive, pay very close attention to step 2 in Apple's instructions. It's probably the most overlooked step.

BACK UP FIRST

Back up your files to a personal storage device before installing Windows using Boot Camp Assistant.

DECIDE ON YOUR PARTITION SIZE

Decide in advance how big you’d like your “Boot Camp partition” to be. Boot Camp Assistant will "split" your Mac’s hard drive into two "partitions", one for Mac and one for Windows. The Windows partition will be called your "Boot Camp partition". If you only plan to use Windows for one or two applications and little else, you can make it as small as 80 to 100 GB. If you’ll use Windows for a lot more, you might devote half of your drive to Windows and half to Mac. It’s up to you.

FREE UP DISK SPACE, IF NECESSARY

Make sure you have enough free disk space on your Mac’s hard drive. At a minimum, your free space should total your Boot Camp partition size plus 20 GB. For example, if you decide to set your Boot Camp partition size to 60 GB, you should confirm that you have at least 60 GB + 20 GB = 80 GB of free disk space on your Mac. Here’s how to find out how much free disk space you have:

  1. Switch to the Finder. (Click on the Finder icon in your Dock or click anywhere on your Desktop.)
  2. Select Go ➔ Computer.
  3. Click once on the icon for your computer's hard drive. Select File ➔ Get Info.
  4. In the window that appears, look at the number next to "Available:". This is your free disk space.

GIVE YOURSELF ENOUGH TIME

It takes time to download Windows and then install it using Boot Camp Assistant. Set aside at least a couple of hours to complete the process uninterrupted.

INSTALL ANTI-VIRUS SOFTWARE

USF Information Technology Services (ITS) recommends the free anti-virus software, Sophos Home, for student's personal computers. Click here while running Windows to register and download the installer.

LAPTOP BUYING ADVICE

STUDENT DISCOUNTS

Many computer makers offer discounts to students, including USF's preferred vendors, Apple and Lenovo. Take the time to inquire as you shop and be prepared to verify your student status during the checkout process.

USF KNOWLEDGE BASE: "Am I able to purchase a personal computer through USF at a discount?"

Mac or PC

Note: In late 2020, Apple will begin selling Macs equipped with ARM processors instead of Intel processors. As of this writing, you cannot install Microsoft Windows on a Mac with an ARM processor, but you can still install it on a Mac with an Intel processor. Since some applications (specifically Revit, ArcGIS, and Enscape) only run in Windows, the Architecture program advises students to have either an Intel-based Mac laptop or a Windows-based laptop.

While Apple laptops with Intel processors remain available, this is strictly a personal preference, because you will be able to install Microsoft Windows on it using "Boot Camp Assistant" in order to run both Mac and Windows software.

Screen Size

The bigger the screen, the larger and heavier the laptop will be (and usually the more expensive), but the easier it will be to work in applications with user interfaces that take up a big portion of the screen. Screen size is really a personal preference. Some people don't mind a small screen. Others might like a small screen for portability reasons, but connect their laptop to a large, external display on their desk at home.

Memory

The more memory your computer has, the more tasks it can perform simultaneously before it starts to slow down; for example, more open applications, more open browser tabs, or more open files.

Advice: Invest in a minimum of 16 GB, but go for 24 GB or even 32 GB if your budget allows.

Note: You cannot add more memory to many laptop models after purchase, including all current Mac laptop models as of this writing, so think long-term.

Internal Storage

The more internal storage your computer has, the more stuff -- applications, files, photos, etc. -- you can store on it, and the more free internal storage space you'll have, which allows your computer to run more efficiently. In addition, the type of internal storage matters.

Advice: We recommend a drive that's at least 256 GB in size, but if your budget allows, aim for 500 GB or more. We also strongly recommend a "solid state drive" or "SSD". It makes for a significantly speedier and more responsive laptop than a traditional hard drive.

Note: Although you can always connect an external drive, it's not possible to upgrade the internal storage drive of many laptop models after purchase, including all current Mac laptop models as of this writing, so think long-term.

PROCESSOR SPEED AND NUMBER OF CORES

Think of the processor or "CPU" as your computer's brain. The faster the speed of your CPU, the faster your computer can "think". The more cores your CPU has, the more instructions it can receive and process at once.

Advice: In general, the number of cores that your processor has contributes more to the speediness of your laptop than your processor's speed. So don't invest too much in a slightly faster processor, but do invest in a processor with as many cores as your budget will allow.

Note: For most laptops, it's not possible to upgrade to a more powerful processor after purchase, so think long-term.

Graphics Processor

The faster your graphics processor unit or "GPU", and the more memory that GPU has, the faster your computer can update what's on your screen and perform graphics-intensive tasks like modeling, rendering, video editing, animation, effects and filters, etc.

Advice: If it's within your budget, opt for a laptop with an advanced GPU. Some laptops have less powerful, "on board" GPUs, while others have more powerful, separate, a.k.a. "discrete" GPUs. Some laptops even have two GPUs installed, i.e. a less powerful "on board" GPU for when you're on battery power and a more powerful, power-hungry "discreet" GPU for when you're plugged in. In addition, GPU's have their own on-board memory separate from your computer's memory, typically somewhere between 2 GB and 8 GB. The more memory, the more efficient the GPU.

Note: For most laptops, it's not possible to upgrade to a more powerful GPU after purchase, so think long-term.

ADAPTERS

If your laptop doesn't have the ports below built into it, consider investing in one or more adapters so that you'll be prepared to connect a device to a port on your laptop no matter where you are:

PORT NAME COMMON DEVICES IMAGE OF PORT IMAGE OF CONNECTOR
USB Type A
a.k.a. Standard USB
printers, scanners, flash drives, portable hard drives, mice, pen tablets USB Type A Port USB Type A Connector
HDMI projectors, televisions HDMI Port HDMI Connector

FINANCIAL AID

If you qualify for federal financial aid and have not already accepted the annual maximum in federal student loans that have been offered, you may request an increase in the federal student loan of up to $1,7501 to assist you with the purchase of the laptop and software.

Financial aid can be used at the USF Bookstore for technology purchases (hardware and software).

You do not need to purchase a laptop or software at the USF Bookstore to qualify for additional aid. If you purchase your laptop or software at an outside retailer, you can complete a form from USF’s financial aid office for a loan refund of up to $1,7501. Be advised that a loan refund will not be made available to you until the week before classes begin. To request this form, send an e-mail to financialaid@office.usfca.edu.

1 as of June 2020

Visit the USF Bookstore page for new students and parents

LEARN MORE ABOUT FINANCIAL AID RESOURCES AT USF

TECHNICAL SUPPORT FOR PERSONAL LAPTOPS

ITS Help Desk

The ITS Help Desk can help you troubleshoot technical problems with your personal laptop, including but not limited to questions concerning:

  • ITS eStore
  • Microsoft Azure for Students
  • USF-Wireless network
  • your myUSF username and password
  • G Suite a.k.a. DonsApps (including USF email and Google Drive)
  • Sophos Anti-Virus
  • Canvas
  • Zoom
  • Pharos printing

VIEW ITS Help Desk hours and locations

Steve Rhyne – Director of Art + Architecture Technology

Steve is happy to offer advice and guidance when it comes to keeping your personal computer in good working order, backing it up, and installing the software you need. His hours and contact information are in the contact box in the top, right portion of this webpage.